Shivratri held in the Phalguna month is a socio-religious function that is the very part of a Hindu's life. It is believed that on this day Goddess Parvati was wedded to Shiva. The Shivratri symbolizes the wedding of the two, and on this occasion the Bhairavas and other Ganas accompanying Lord Shiva are fed with choicest dishes up to the fill and to their satisfaction.
Lord Shiva and his wife Sati were in Kailash abode, and Daksh, father of Sati, was doing a big yagya (fire ceremony). Sati went to the yagya without an invitation from her father. Daksh was very proud, and out of his great pride, he was disrespecting God Shiva. Sati could not tolerate it. So she jumped in the fire of yagya and finished Herself.
When Lord Shiva heard about this incident, out of fury, he was on the threshold to destroy the universe. It was only when other gods interfered and calmed down his anger that it was saved. God Shiva was now alone and went into deep meditation. Then Sati again took birth as Parvati in the family of god Himalaya. So, from very childhood She was desiring to meet God Shiva. In order to break the meditation of Lord Shiva, She undertook grave austerity in the jungle- all absorbed in love of God Shiva. So the day was fixed for their marriage, and on this particular day, Hindu celebrates the union of God Shiva and Parvati.
The celebration of Mahashivratri include bhajans offered in praise of Lord Shiva, offering milk, water, fruit, incense and flowers to Lord Shiva, circling the lingam, and ringing the bell. The conches are blown and rousing arti is performed to Lord Shiva.
The festival of Mahashivratri is observed throughout India including the souther region. Some of the major states include Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Maharastra etc.Other Related Festivals